Indiana's community-based corrections began when the Indiana State Legislature passed the Community Corrections Act in 1980. This act enables counties "to develop a coordinated, local corrections criminal justice system," and it also allows for counties to provide "effective alternatives to imprisonment at the state level."
The Indiana Department of Correction has funded county programs under the Community Corrections Grant Act since 1980. Over half of all Indiana counties currently receive funding for Community Corrections programs. Some of the components being funded throughout the state include:
Community Service Restitution / Public Restitution Programs
Victim-Offender Reconciliation Program
Home Detention/Electronic Monitoring
Jobs Program, Work Empowerment and Jail Services Programs
Work Crew, Jail Community Service, and Law Enforcement Restitution
Community Transition Program (CTP)
These components enable county judicial officials to expand and explore sentencing options and alternatives to jail or prison.
The Bartholomew County Community Corrections Department was organized after receiving state funds from the Department of Correction in August 1986. Currently operating several components under grant funds and project income (participant user fees), Bartholomew County has found community-based corrections to be a very integral part of its judicial system.
Home Detention- Original Component start date: April 1, 1989 Home Detention is a component that restricts participants to their homes rather than in a secure facility. The participant must remain in their home unless at a location previously approved by the Court or Community Corrections officials. A computer based in the Community Corrections office electronically monitors participants. The electronic monitoring is supplemented with frequent personal visits that are conducted by the Community Corrections staff at the home, work site or school of the participant. Daily fees charged to all participants allowing the component to be fiscally self-supportive, and not a burden to local taxpayers. Random drug and alcohol tests (at the participant’s expense) are also conducted. The Home Detention component has proven itself effective in reducing local jail and prison population.
Electronic Monitoring Adult offenders who are moderate to low risk offenders may be placed in the Electronic Monitoring Program. The Electronic Monitoring Program utilizes therapeutic programming that is evidence-based. Participants in the Electronic Monitoring Program will be monitored by an electronic monitoring device. Participants in the Electronic Monitoring Program are able to earn free time for displaying positive prosocial behaviors, and therfore, individuals on this component do not qualify for statutory credit time toward their jail sentence.
Day Reporting- Original Component start date: November, 1999 Day Reporting is an intensive supervision-case management style component that utilizes electronic monitoring as a tool for the initial monitoring of a participant. In addition, participants meet with probation officers who assess their criminal risk and needs and develop a case plan for the participant. Services may include individual counseling and group programs that address criminal thinking and substance abuse. While on electronic monitoring, the participant is required to abide by the rules of electronic monitoring and pay a fee for the monitor.
Community Service-Original Component start date: August 25, 1986 Community Service is a component that allows the offender to symbolically pay back the community for harm. The offenders are ordered to complete a set number of community service hours. The offender is then placed with a not-for-profit organization, agency or governmental office to complete the hours of community service that were ordered by the court. A coordinator with the Community Corrections Department carefully monitors the offender’s progress by checking with the agency, ensuring that the offenders is regularly reporting to complete the hours, as well as monitoring the offender's attitude and quality of work. The coordinator also is responsible for reporting any negative incidents to the court in an effort to hold the offender accountable. Bartholomew County refers to over 50 agencies in the Community Service program. Annually, approximately 22,000 community restitution hours are completed at these agencies: this work provided the community with a very valuable service.
Forensic Diversion- Original Component start date: April 2004 In April 2004, Bartholomew County was one of five Indiana counties selected by IDOC to receive funding for the Forensic Diversion program. This program targets non-violent adult felons who have been clinically diagnosed with a mental illness and/or addictive disorder and are assessed as having a moderate to high risk to recidivate. A Probation Officer works with the offender and a Case Manager from the local mental health center to determine appropriate treatment for addiction and mental health issues. The program is designed to provide the offender with numerous weekly contacts with the case manager, treatment programs and Probation Officer.
Community Transition Program (CTP)- Original Component start date: FY ‘00-‘01 CTP started in 1999 and has continued to be used by the local courts through the present day. This component, while separate, utilizes the staff and programs of Day Reporting. Participants are DOC inmates that are involved in an early release program. They are evaluated prior to early release from the Department of Corrections by staff to determine appropriateness. Recommendations are then made to the sentencing court as to whether the individual is or is not appropriate. Accepted participants pay a daily fee and the Department of Corrections provides Community Corrections with additional funding.
Jail Work Crew The Work Crew component, originally started in 1996, allows probationers to be supervised by County Jail staff at various community work sites. Numerous non-profit and governmental agencies use the work crew for various tasks or projects. Further, program participants pay to work and this assists in the fiscal support of the program. This component is a collaborative project between Community Corrections and the Bartholomew County Sheriff’s Department.